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what is sitemap
What is Sitemap & How does It help in SEO?

In the world of search engine optimization (SEO), there are several tools and strategies that can help improve a website’s visibility and ranking. One such tool is the sitemap. A sitemap is a file that contains a list of all the pages on a website, along with their relationship to each other. It serves as a map for search engine crawlers to navigate and understand the structure of a website. In this blog, we will take a closer look at what sitemap is and how it can help in SEO.

What is a Sitemap?

A sitemap is a file in XML format that lists all the URLs of a website. It is created and submitted to search engines to help them crawl and index a website efficiently. It includes information such as the date the page was last updated, how often it changes, and its importance in relation to other pages on the site. Sitemaps can also contain additional metadata, such as images and videos, which can further enhance a website’s visibility in search results.

Types of Sitemaps

There are two types of sitemaps: XML sitemap and HTML sitemap. An XML sitemap is designed for search engines, while an HTML sitemap is created for human visitors. Both serve different purposes and are crucial for a well-optimized website.

XML Sitemap: As mentioned earlier, an XML sitemap is a file that search engines use to crawl and index a website’s pages. It helps search engines discover pages that may not be easily found through traditional crawling methods. It also provides valuable information about the website’s structure and content, making it easier for search engines to understand and rank the site.

HTML Sitemap: An HTML sitemap, on the other hand, is created for human visitors. It is a list of all the pages on a website, organized in a user-friendly format. It helps visitors navigate a site and find the information they are looking for quickly. HTML sitemaps also improve the user experience and can lead to increased engagement and conversions.

How does Sitemap Help in SEO?

Now that we have a better understanding of what a sitemap is let’s explore how it can benefit SEO.

1. Improved Crawling and Indexing

As mentioned earlier, a sitemap helps search engines crawl and index a website more efficiently. By providing a list of all the pages on a site, including their hierarchy and relationship, search engines can quickly discover and index new or updated content. This is especially useful for larger websites with many pages that may not be linked together or easily found through traditional crawling methods.

2. Better Visibility in Search Results

Sitemaps also help search engines understand the content and structure of a website, which can lead to better visibility in search results. By providing important information such as the date the page was last updated and its importance in relation to other pages on the site, search engines can determine the relevance and importance of a page, which can impact its ranking in search results.

3. Higher Ranking for Deep Pages

Deep pages, or pages that are buried deep within a website’s structure, may not be easily discovered by search engine crawlers. By including these pages in a sitemap, they have a higher chance of being crawled and indexed, which can improve their ranking in search results. This is especially beneficial for e-commerce websites with a large number of product pages that may not be linked to the main navigation.

4. Increased Crawl Frequency

Websites that are frequently updated may benefit from a sitemap as it can help increase the crawl frequency. By providing information about the last update for a page, search engines can determine when to re-crawl and index the page, ensuring that the most recent content is reflected in search results.

5. Enhanced User Experience

As mentioned earlier, an HTML sitemap can improve the user experience by helping visitors navigate a website more easily. It can also help visitors find the information they are looking for quickly, leading to increased engagement and conversions. This can indirectly impact SEO as search engines consider user experience as a ranking factor.


In conclusion, a sitemap is a valuable tool in the world of SEO. It helps search engines crawl and index a website more efficiently, leading to improved visibility and ranking in search results. It also enhances the user experience and can indirectly impact SEO. Therefore, it is essential to create and regularly update sitemaps for a well-optimized website.

ALSO READ: How Schema Markup Contributes to Your SEO Ranking?

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